Summary: There are different variations of EOCs that function in their own capacity.
Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs) are considered a primary asset to any community due to their rapid response time, ability to handle any high-risk situation, and efficiency. There are numerous types of EOCs that are designed to provide versatility and flexibility for any operation. This guide will walk you through the various types of EOCs.
The primary EOC is a fixed facility that’s usually found in an existing multipurpose government building that will essentially reduce any delays with senior officials and staff personnel. The fixed EOC is a permanent location that houses permanent equipment. Furthermore, in addition to the main location, it’s important for both financial and logistical reasons to identify alternate sites for reliability as part of a community risk management plan – which will affect the response rate.
Mobile EOCs are used when disasters spread and there is an urgent need for a briefing with the Incident Management Team (IMT) to reduce any confusion. The mobile EOC provides flexibility and allows for optimal interaction between the IMT and the Policy group when reviewing information. It’s a tractor-style trailer that offers a full communications center with software that can handle various radio frequencies for communicative purposes. Some mobile EOCs include a security operations center video wall embedded within the vehicle – however not all vehicles have this.
Replacing the traditional fixed facility, a virtual EOC combines next-gen technology to implement a state-of-the-art emergency management solution that exists partially or solely in cyberspace with private networks and satellite communication. Remote locations will reduce the reflex time and limit vulnerability that existed when numerous people are grouped up at a central location. Certain experienced manufacturers like Constant Technologies, Inc. for example can designate a specific location for an efficient EOC.